Wednesday, September 10, 2008

First phase of experiment to recreate conditions after Big Bang underway

GENEVA, Sept 10 (KUNA) -- The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) has successfully switched the beam inside the Large Hadron Collider (LHIC), marking a historic event watched by scientists from all over the world.

The first phase of the experiment today will take at least two hours.

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a gigantic scientific instrument near Geneva, where it spans the border between Switzerland and France about 100 meters underground. It is a particular accelerator used by physicists to study the smallest known particles -- the fundamental building blocks off all things.

It will revolutionise our understanding, from the minuscule world deep within atoms to the vastness of the universe.

Two beams of subatomic particles called "hadrons" -- either protons or lead ions -- will travel in opposite directions inside the circular accelerator, gaining energy with every lap.

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